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This article does a brief conceptualization of affirmative action policies and an analysis of relevant international experiences (United States and Brazil) and their application to the experience for Afro-Colombian population in the country and Cali. The results show that the Colombian case is characterized by a territorial and cultural ethnic bias, which provides deep differences with the policies implemented in the United States since the sixties during XX century and more recently in Brazil.

Castro Heredia, J. A., Urrea Giraldo, F., & Viáfara López, C. A. (2009). A brief approach to affirmative action policies: origins, implementation and experience to ethnic- racial groups in Colombia and Cali. Sociedad Y Economía, (16), 161–172. Retrieved from
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