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This paper examines the effects of racial/ethnic status on educational achievement in Brazil and Colombia. Generalized ordered logistic model were estimated for educatio­nal achievement. The results display that for Afro-descendants in Brazil and Colombia is less likely to achieve higher educational level than non Afro-descendants, but with a stronger and more significant effect in Colombia. These results suggest the presence of a pre-market discrimination in both countries, and would support the implementation of affirmative action policies in education.


Carlos Augusto Viáfara López

Professor and researcher at the Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia

Nini Johanna Serna Alvarado

Coordinator group of labour information Ministry of labour, Bogota, Colombia
Viáfara López, C. A., & Serna Alvarado, N. J. (2015). Inequality of Educational Opportunities in the 20 to 29 Years Old Population of Brazil and Colombia by Ethnic-Racial Self-Assessment. Sociedad Y Economía, (29), 151–174.