Rarely, it may be necessary for Sociedad y Econom´ía to publish corrections to, or retractions of articles published. So as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.

Corrections to, or retractions of, published articles will be made by publishing a Correction or a Retraction note bidirectionally linked to the original article. Any alterations to the original article will be described in the note. The original article remains in the public domain and the subsequent Correction or Retraction will be widely indexed. If material is considered to infringe certain rights or is defamatory, we may have to remove that material from our site and archive sites.

Authors, readers or organizations who become aware of errors or ethics issues in a published article are encouraged to contact the journal in the first instance via the contact details available on the journal website. All reports will be considered by the Editor; additional expert advice may be sought when deciding on the most appropriate course of action. The Editor will address publication ethics issues in a COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)-compliant manner.

1. Corrections

Changes to published articles that affect the interpretation and conclusion of the article, but do not fully invalidate the article, will, at the Editor(s)' discretion, be corrected via publication of a Correction that is indexed and bidirectionally linked to the original article.

2. Retractions

On rare occasions, when the interpretation or conclusion of an article is substantially undermined, it may be necessary for published articles to be retracted. Sociedad y Economía will follow the COPE guidelines in such cases. Retraction notices are indexed and bidirectionally linked to the original article. The original article is watermarked as retracted and the title is amended with the prefix "Retracted article:"

3. Editorial Expressions of Concern

When the Editor becomes aware of serious concerns regarding interpretation or conclusion of a published article, they may choose to publish a statement alerting the readership. Scenarios in which Editorial Expressions of Concern may be published include prolonged investigations of very complex cases and when the concerns may have a significant and immediate impact on public health or public policy. An Editorial Expression of Concern may be superseded by a subsequent Correction or Retraction, but will remain part of the permanent published record.

4. Removal of published content

In exceptional circumstances, Sociedad y Economía reserves the right to remove an article or other content from our platform. Such action may be taken when (i) The journal has been advised that content is defamatory, infringes a third party's intellectual property right, right to privacy, or other legal right, or is otherwise unlawful; (ii) a court or government order has been issued, or is likely to be issued, requiring removal of such content; (iii) content, if acted upon, would pose an immediate and serious risk to health. Removal may be temporary or permanent. Bibliographic metadata (e.g. title and authors) will be retained, and will be accompanied by a statement explaining why the content has been removed.