Declaring competing interests

A competing interest is anything that interferes with or could be perceived as potentially interfering with, a thorough and objective assessment of a manuscript. Common examples of competing interests may include:

- A recent or current collaboration with any of the authors.

- Direct competition or a history of scientific conflict with any of the authors.

- An opportunity to profit financially from the work.

Do not accept a review assignment if you have a competing interest, or don't feel able to give an objective assessment. If you're unsure whether your relationship qualifies as a competing interest, contact the journal for advice. If we ask you to complete the review anyway, be sure to declare the competing interest when you submit your review.


Keep manuscripts and correspondence confidential and do not share information about submissions with anyone else unless previously agreed with the Editor. We expect that reviewers will not make use of any material or take advantage of any information they gain through the peer review process.

Read Sociedad y Economía Confidentiality Policy.

Reviewing a manuscript you've previously reviewed

If you reviewed the article at another journal, consider the manuscript as a new submission unless instructed otherwise. Keep in mind that it may have been revised since the last time you evaluated it, and Sociedad y Economía criteria for publication may differ from those of the other journal. When you submit your review, let the Editor know that you reviewed a previous version of the manuscript at another journal.

 Time to review

Aim to complete your review within 20 days. If you need more time to perform the review, please email us as soon as possible.