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This essay examines the historical circumstances which explain the articulation and acceptation of the sirio-libaneses, blacks and mulattoes groups to the cartagenera society in the transition from XIX to XX century.
Rhenals Doria, A. M., & Flórez Bolívar, F. (2011). Entre lo árabe y lo negro: raza e inmigración en Cartagena, 1880-1930. Sociedad Y Economía, (15), 123–144. Retrieved from